AMBALA-THE TWIN

CITY Ambala is a city and a municipal corporation in Ambala district in the state of Haryana , India , located on the border with the state of Punjab . Politically; Ambala has two sub - areas: Ambala Cantonment (Ambala Cantt) and Ambala City, approximately 3 kilometers apart fro m each other, therefore it is also known as "Twin City". It has a large Indian Army and Indian Air Force presence within the confines of its cantonment area. Ambala separates the Ganges river network from the Indus river network and is surrounded by two rivers – Ghaggar and Tangri – to the north and to the south. Due to its geographical location, the Ambala district plays an important role in local tourism.

History

It is said that Ambala District was founded by Amba Rajput during the 14th century AD. Another version is that the name is a corruption of Amba Wala meaning the mango - village , from mango groves which existed in its immediate neighborhood. Still another ver sion is that the District has taken its name after goddess "Bhawani Amba" who’s Temple still exists in Ambala city. The Ambala Cantonment was established in 1843 after th e British abandoned its cantonment at Saphera , following the malaria epidemic of 1841 – 42. The cantonment houses the '2 Corps', one of the three Strike Corps of the Indian Army .

Ambala was given the status of a district in 1847, formed by the merging of the Jagir estates of hitherto independent chieftains whose ter ritories had lapsed or had been confiscated by the British Indian Government. In its 160 years of existence as a district, Ambala has witnessed many changes in its boundaries. Previously it extended across tehsils of Ambala, Saphera , Jagadhri , Pipli, Kharar, Mohali , Ropar and Nalagarh . Kalka - cum - Kura ri State, Pinjore , Mani Majra , and Kasauli & Sanawar were also merged into the district at different times.

Ambala Air Force Base is one of the oldest and largest airbases that were inherited from the British by the IAF . It was from this airbase that Spitfires and Harvard flown by Instructors of the Advanced Flying Training School took part in the 1947 - 48 Kashmir Operations . Subsequently, Ambala was the front line airfield for many years. It was home to various aircraft that were inducted into the Indian Air Force . Vampires , Ouragans , Hunters , etc. all flew from this base. The airbase was briefly attacked in 1965 by B - 57 bombers of the Pakistan Air Force . Today, the Airbase houses the '7 Wing' with squadrons of Jaguars and MiG - 21 Bisons. A unit of the French - made Dassault Rafale will be based at Ambala air base. In November 1949 Mahatma Gandhi's assassin, Nathuram Godse was hanged at Ambala Jail.

Geography of Ambala District

Ambala District has an area of 1568.85 square kilometres. The district is mainly drained by non - perennial streams and the drainage system of the district comprises the Markanda River and its tributaries, the Dangri and its tributaries and the Ghagghar along with its tribut aries. The district of Ambala has a continental in cl imate. It is very hot in summers and markedly cold in winters. May and June can be really hot with the temperature soaring to over 48 degree Celsius, while in winter it can be as low as - 1 degree Celsius. Ambala has a semi - arid as well as tropical climate. Being far away from the coasts and close to the Thar Desert in India , it does not get the full share of t he monsoon current. 70 percent rainfall is received dur ing the month of July to September and the remaining rainfall is received during December to February. Ambala is the maximum rain - hit area in Haryana with average rainfall being 47.16 inches per annum.

Ambala Administration

The Ambala district consist s of three tehsils, namely Ambala, Barara and Naraingarh. To decentralize the authority in the administrative set - up, the district is divided into Sub - divisions, Ambala and Naraingarh. Ambala sub - division was created in 1968. The Naraingarh sub - divisions c reated in 1956.

  • The Deputy Commissioner is overall in - charge of the general administration in the district. He is under the administrative control of Commissioner, Ambala Division, and Ambala.
  • The Sub - Divisional Officer is the chief civil officer of the sub - division. In fact, he is a miniature Deputy Commissioner of the sub - division.
  • The police administration in the district is under the Superintendent of police, who, next to the Deputy Commissioner is responsible for the maintenance of law and order.
  • The organization of civil and criminal justice in the district is headed by the District and Sessions Judge.
HELPLINE

Police

Phone1

Phone2

Mobile

Police Station Ambala city0171-2442006

Police Station Ambala Sadar

0171-2531414

Police Station Baldev Nagar

0171-2556057

Police Station Ambala Cantt

0171-2618045

Police Station Mahesh Nagar

0171-2661099

0171-2632018

Police Station Panjokhra

0171-2678011

Highway Traffic Police

1033, 1073

 

Post Office

Post Office, Ambala City H.O

0171-2556746

Post Office, Amabala G.P.O

0171-2644948

 

Railway Enquiry

Railway Enquiry, Ambala Cantt

0171-2611105

139

Railway Enquiry, Ambala City

0171-2511131

 

Fire Brigades

Fire Brigade A/Cantt

0171-2630399

Fire Brigrade A/City

0171-2518000

 

Emergency

Veternity Hospital, Amabala Cantt

0171-2444251

0171-2650863

Civil Hospital

0171-2552952

Civil Hospital

0171-2553703

CMO

0171-2557473

Emergency

0171-2552952

0171-2550131

PMO

0171-2553703

T.B Hospital

0171-2444562

 

Roadways

Bus Stand, Ambala Cantt.

0171-2640821

Bus Stand, Ambala City

0171-2556388

GM, HR, Ambala

0171-2550801

 

Ambulance

Ambulance A/Cantt

0171-2630139

Guru Hargobind Sahib Sewa Society

0171-2552952

9812003536

Red Cross (Ambulance)

0171-2552952

9466420665

Ambulance A/city

0171-2552952

 

Civil Administration

ADC

0171-2530800

8059444002

Commissioner Ambala Division

0171-2643333

Deputy Commissioner

0171-2530100

8059444001

DRO Ambala

0171-2530410

8059444007

SDM Ambala

0171-2530350

8059444003

Tehsildar Ambala City

0171-2530637

8059444018

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